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Configuring Windows Firewall: A Step-by-Step Guide

Windows Firewall is a key component in protecting your server, ensuring the security of network traffic and controlling access to resources. Configuring Windows Firewall requires careful attention. This article provides a step-by-step guide on setting up rules in Windows Firewall to secure your server.

Step 1: Server Access

To start the configuration, you need access to the server. Log into the server via RDP or VNC, using an administrator account.

Step 2: Opening Control Panel

Open the Control Panel on your server. You can do this via the Start Menu -> Control Panel.

The control panel on the remote server

Step 3: Accessing Administration

Navigate to the “Administrative Tools” section in the Control Panel. Here, you will find tools for managing security and other aspects of the server.

The "Administration" section in the control panel

Step 4: Launching Windows Firewall

Launch Windows Firewall in enhanced security mode. This ensures more meticulous management of access to network resources.

Launching Windows Firewall

Step 5: Creating a Rule

To add a new rule, go to the “Inbound Rules” section. Here, select “New rule” to start setting up.

Creating a Rule

Step 6: Choosing Rule Type

In the rule creation wizard, select the rule type according to your task. For example, for port management, select “Port Rule” and click “Next”.

Choosing Rule Type

Step 7: Configuring Protocol and Port

Specify the necessary protocol and port. For example, for the TCP protocol and port 1550, select the corresponding options and proceed.

Configuring Protocol and Port

Step 8: Specifying the Action

Choose the action that will be performed for the given conditions. In the case of opening a port, select “Allow the connection”.

Specifying the Action

Step 9: Applying the Rule to Profiles

Specify which profiles the rule will apply to. This determines the scenarios in which the rule will be active.

Applying the Rule to Profiles

Step 10: Naming and Describing the Rule

In the final step, name and describe your rule for easier future reference. Then click “Finish” to save the settings.

Naming and Describing the Rule


Careful configuration of Windows Firewall is key to securing your server. By following these steps, you can effectively manage access to network resources and protect your system from unwanted traffic.

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